The Nutrients And Health Benefits Of Dragon Fruit

Dragon fruit, also known as pitaya, is a type of tropical fruit commonly found in the market. It has distinct red-colored skin and scale-like protrusion. Dragon fruit was originated from the tropical South America, but it is now widely cultivated in tropical region around the world. This fruit contains a lot of nutrients, which could beneficial for good health.

Dragon fruit nutritional values (per 100 g)


60 kcal (250 kJ)


82.14 g


82.14 g

Dietary fiber

1.8 g




3.57 g




Vitamin C

9.2 mg






107 mg



39 mg


 (Link to USDA Database entry)

The list below highlights some of the nutrients and health benefits:

1. Vitamin C

Dragon fruit is a rich source of vitamin C, a potent antioxidant. The presence of antioxidants could neutralize the free radicals, preventing cell damage and inflammation. Other benefits of vitamin C consumption are inducing the collagen formation, maintaining immunity, and increasing the absorption rate of iron into the red blood cell.

2. Magnesium

Magnesium is one of mineral with numerous benefits. It helps to maintain muscle wellbeing, especially reduce the risk of muscle cramp. Dragon fruit is very suitable to be consumed by athletes since its magnesium content boosts stamina and performance, essential for sport and physical activities. Magnesium also reduces the risk of diabetes and hyper-blood pressure and alleviates migraine and premenstrual syndrome.

3. Iron

Regular consumption of dragon fruit can sustain the needs of iron, a crucial part of red blood cell formation. This would prevent any blood red cell deficiency and its related problems, such as anemia.

4. Calcium

Dragon fruit also contains calcium, essential for bone cell formation. A regular intake of calcium can maintain bone cell strength. It also supports the internal organ, muscle, and nerve system well-being.

5. Phosphorus

Phosphorus is important to improve digestive system performance and regulate the disposal of metabolic waste and other non-beneficial substances. It also improves the formation of bone and teeth cells.